EHA Library - The official digital education library of European Hematology Association (EHA)

Abstract
Presentation during EHA2022: All (e)Poster presentations will be made available as of Friday, June 10, 2022 (09:00 CEST) and will be accessible for on-demand viewing until Monday, August 15, 2022 on the Congress platform.

Abstract: P649

Type: Poster presentation

Session title: Chronic lymphocytic leukemia and related disorders - Clinical

Background
Bruton’s tyrosine kinase inhibitors (BTKi) have received regulatory approvals and are standard of care for patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma (CLL/SLL), mantle cell lymphoma (MCL), marginal zone lymphoma (MZL), and WaldenstrÖm macroglobulinemia (WM). However, BTKi-resistant disease remains a clinical challenge with limited options for subsequent therapy.

Immunomodulatory drugs (IMiDs, e.g., lenalidomide) are approved as monotherapy for follicular lymphoma (FL), MZL, and MCL, in combination with other therapies for diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and have shown synergy with BTK-targeted therapy. Dual activity of BTK protein degradation with IMiD-like activity offers a unique approach to overcome known resistance to BTKi.

NX-2127 is an oral small molecule that induces BTK degradation via recruitment of cereblon, an adaptor protein of the E3 ubiquitin ligase complex. NX-2127 has shown preclinical activity similar to IMiDs by catalyzing the ubiquitination of Ikaros (IKZF1) and Aiolos (IKZF3), ultimately leading to increased T-cell activation. NX-2127 was shown to degrade both wild-type (WT) and C481-mutated (ibrutinib-resistant) BTK protein in vitro. Robust BTK degradation was also shown in non-human primate studies. Further, NX-2127 demonstrates potent tumor growth inhibition in BTK-dependent mouse xenograft tumor models expressing either WT or ibrutinib-resistant C481S BTK-mutant protein. This dual activity of BTK degradation and IMiD-like activity offers a promising treatment for patients who have failed prior therapy.

Aims
The primary objectives are to evaluate safety and tolerability and to determine the maximum tolerated dose (Phase 1a), and to evaluate the early clinical activity of NX-2127 in expansion cohorts (Phase 1b).

Methods
NX-2127-001 is a first-in-human, dose escalation (Phase 1a) and cohort expansion (Phase 1b) study designed to evaluate the safety, tolerability, and preliminary efficacy of NX-2127 in adult patients with relapsed/refractory B-cell malignancies with once daily oral dosing. Dose escalation will proceed using a modified Fibonacci design with 1 patient per cohort, proceeding to a standard 3 + 3 design based on protocol specified criteria. There will be up to 5 expansion cohorts in Phase 1b enrolling patients with CLL/SLL, DLBCL, FL, MCL, MZL, and WM. Key eligibility criteria include >2 two prior lines of therapy (>1 prior for WM); measurable disease; and an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0 or 1. Approximately 130 patients (30 in Phase 1a, 100 in Phase 1b) will be enrolled and treated until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

The primary endpoint are dose-limiting toxicities and maximum tolerated dose (Phase 1a), objective response (Phase 1b), and safety (Phase 1a and Phase 1b) of NX-1607. Secondary endpoints (Phase 1a and Phase 1b, unless otherwise indicated) include pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, duration of response, progression-free survival, overall survival (Phase 1b), safety (Phase 1b), and complete response rate/complete response rate with incomplete marrow recovery.

Results
The Phase 1a part of this study is currently enrolling in the United States.

Conclusion
Accrual is ongoing. Clinical trial information: NCT04830137.

Keyword(s): B cell lymphoma, Proteasome, Refractory, Relapsed lymphoma

Presentation during EHA2022: All (e)Poster presentations will be made available as of Friday, June 10, 2022 (09:00 CEST) and will be accessible for on-demand viewing until Monday, August 15, 2022 on the Congress platform.

Abstract: P649

Type: Poster presentation

Session title: Chronic lymphocytic leukemia and related disorders - Clinical

Background
Bruton’s tyrosine kinase inhibitors (BTKi) have received regulatory approvals and are standard of care for patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma (CLL/SLL), mantle cell lymphoma (MCL), marginal zone lymphoma (MZL), and WaldenstrÖm macroglobulinemia (WM). However, BTKi-resistant disease remains a clinical challenge with limited options for subsequent therapy.

Immunomodulatory drugs (IMiDs, e.g., lenalidomide) are approved as monotherapy for follicular lymphoma (FL), MZL, and MCL, in combination with other therapies for diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and have shown synergy with BTK-targeted therapy. Dual activity of BTK protein degradation with IMiD-like activity offers a unique approach to overcome known resistance to BTKi.

NX-2127 is an oral small molecule that induces BTK degradation via recruitment of cereblon, an adaptor protein of the E3 ubiquitin ligase complex. NX-2127 has shown preclinical activity similar to IMiDs by catalyzing the ubiquitination of Ikaros (IKZF1) and Aiolos (IKZF3), ultimately leading to increased T-cell activation. NX-2127 was shown to degrade both wild-type (WT) and C481-mutated (ibrutinib-resistant) BTK protein in vitro. Robust BTK degradation was also shown in non-human primate studies. Further, NX-2127 demonstrates potent tumor growth inhibition in BTK-dependent mouse xenograft tumor models expressing either WT or ibrutinib-resistant C481S BTK-mutant protein. This dual activity of BTK degradation and IMiD-like activity offers a promising treatment for patients who have failed prior therapy.

Aims
The primary objectives are to evaluate safety and tolerability and to determine the maximum tolerated dose (Phase 1a), and to evaluate the early clinical activity of NX-2127 in expansion cohorts (Phase 1b).

Methods
NX-2127-001 is a first-in-human, dose escalation (Phase 1a) and cohort expansion (Phase 1b) study designed to evaluate the safety, tolerability, and preliminary efficacy of NX-2127 in adult patients with relapsed/refractory B-cell malignancies with once daily oral dosing. Dose escalation will proceed using a modified Fibonacci design with 1 patient per cohort, proceeding to a standard 3 + 3 design based on protocol specified criteria. There will be up to 5 expansion cohorts in Phase 1b enrolling patients with CLL/SLL, DLBCL, FL, MCL, MZL, and WM. Key eligibility criteria include >2 two prior lines of therapy (>1 prior for WM); measurable disease; and an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0 or 1. Approximately 130 patients (30 in Phase 1a, 100 in Phase 1b) will be enrolled and treated until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

The primary endpoint are dose-limiting toxicities and maximum tolerated dose (Phase 1a), objective response (Phase 1b), and safety (Phase 1a and Phase 1b) of NX-1607. Secondary endpoints (Phase 1a and Phase 1b, unless otherwise indicated) include pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, duration of response, progression-free survival, overall survival (Phase 1b), safety (Phase 1b), and complete response rate/complete response rate with incomplete marrow recovery.

Results
The Phase 1a part of this study is currently enrolling in the United States.

Conclusion
Accrual is ongoing. Clinical trial information: NCT04830137.

Keyword(s): B cell lymphoma, Proteasome, Refractory, Relapsed lymphoma

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