PREBEN, PIXANTRONE, RITUXIMAB, ETOPOSIDE AND BENDAMUSTINE, IN AGGRESSIVE NON-HOGDKIN LYMPHOMA
Author(s): ,
Cristina Barrenetxea
Affiliations:
Hospital Basurto,Bilbao,Spain
,
Concha Alaez
Affiliations:
Hospital Moncloa,Madrid,Spain
,
Susana Herraez
Affiliations:
Hospital Basurto,Bilbao,Spain
,
Samuel Romero
Affiliations:
Hospital la Fe,Valencia,Spain
,
Laura Hernández
Affiliations:
Hospital Basurto,Bilbao,Spain
,
Clara Alonso
Affiliations:
Hospital Basurto,Bilbao,Spain
,
Ángela Blanco
Affiliations:
Hospital Basurto,Bilbao,Spain
,
Belén Navarro
Affiliations:
Hospital Puerta de Hierro,Madrid,Spain
,
F Javier Capote
Affiliations:
Hospital Puerta del Mar,Cadiz,Spain
,
Daniela Caballero
Affiliations:
Hospital Basurto,Bilbao,Spain
,
Irene Leal
Affiliations:
Hospital Basurto,Bilbao,Spain
,
Jasone Uriarte
Affiliations:
Hospital Basurto,Bilbao,Spain
,
Zuriñe Diez
Affiliations:
Hospital Basurto,Bilbao,Spain
J Antonio Marquez
Affiliations:
Hospital Basurto,Bilbao,Spain
EHA Library. barrenetxea C. 05/16/19; 267811; PB1820
Cristina barrenetxea
Cristina barrenetxea
Contributions
Abstract

Abstract: PB1820

Type: Publication Only

Background
 

Diffuse large B-cell Lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most common subtype of Non-Hodgkin`s Lymphoma. It represents 30% of lymphomas in elderly age, with a 5-year survival of 26-73% depending on the risk factors. The WHO considers follicular lymphoma grade 3 A, as high grade lymphoma, and grade 3B as Diffuse Large B Cell Lymphoma (DLBCL), so that they are usually treated with the same protocols than DLBCL. First-line therapies achieve complete response (CR) in 44-87% of cases. Relapsed or refractory (R/R) DLBCL patients to first-line treatment, usually receive salvage chemotherapy followed by autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (SCT) as consolidative therapy. This second-line therapy is not standardized and normally consists of polychemotherapy combinations. In patients who need third-line therapy, survival results are even worse and nowadays there`s not a protocolized treatment. 

Aims
  Pixantrone offers an alternative for R/R DLBCL patients with efficacy and a favorable safety profile based on a phase 3 clinical trial, which permitted its approval by the European Medicines Evaluation Agency (EMEA). In this study, pixantrone was given as a single-agent salvage therapy in pretreated patients that did not respond to at least two previous chemotherapy regimens, either relapsed or refractory. Patients achieved good responses with low toxicity. Thirty percent of patients achieved objetive responses and 20% CR and not confirmed CRs. There have been some polychemotherapy combinations with Pixantrone previously described , which obtained better global and CR rates.  

Methods
We analyzed R/R aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphopma patients treated with PREBEN scheme in Spain. Treatment regimen was administered as described in d'Amore et al in 13-ICML, 2015: Pixantrone 50 mg/m2 iv day 1 and 8, Rituximab iv or sc day 1, Etoposide 100mg/m2 iv day 1 and Bendamustine 90 mg/m2 iv day 1, given in 3-week cycles, with a maximum number of 6 cycles. We included in the analysis only those patients that had received at least 2 complete cycles. 

Results

15 patients were included in the analysis, 12 DLBCL, 2 transformed follicular lymphoma and one follicular grade 3A. 10 were refractary to prior therapy.  Median age was 73 years (range, 45-87). Mean number of previous polychemotherapy lines was 3. Autologous SCT addicional had been performed in 6 of them.Early responses were observed: 10 out of 15 (67%) patients achieved objective responses after cycle 2. Eight patients achieved CR, 53%, and five of them were candidates to receive allogenic SCT.All of them were treated in the outpatient clinic. They did not need to stay hospitalized to receive this chemotherapy regimen. Toxicity was less than expected. All patients required complementary treatment with granulocyte stimulating factors but only five patients had febrile neutropenia. Five patients required red blood cells transfusion, all of them present anemia before starting PREBEN and two patient required platelet transfusions. No unexpected adverse effect or treatment-related deaths were observed.

Conclusion
In our series, R/R aggressive non-hodgkin lymphoma patients treated with PREBEN achieved 67% of global responses, which are higher than with other schemes in polytreated patients. Toxicity was limited and no unexpected adverse effects were observed.Altogether, these results provide evidence that PREBEN therapy is effective and safe and encourage us to use it in elderly and young patients as a bridge-to-transplantation.

Due to all this, we consider PREBEN safe and effective.

 

Session topic: 19. Aggressive Non-Hodgkin lymphoma - Clinical

Abstract: PB1820

Type: Publication Only

Background
 

Diffuse large B-cell Lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most common subtype of Non-Hodgkin`s Lymphoma. It represents 30% of lymphomas in elderly age, with a 5-year survival of 26-73% depending on the risk factors. The WHO considers follicular lymphoma grade 3 A, as high grade lymphoma, and grade 3B as Diffuse Large B Cell Lymphoma (DLBCL), so that they are usually treated with the same protocols than DLBCL. First-line therapies achieve complete response (CR) in 44-87% of cases. Relapsed or refractory (R/R) DLBCL patients to first-line treatment, usually receive salvage chemotherapy followed by autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (SCT) as consolidative therapy. This second-line therapy is not standardized and normally consists of polychemotherapy combinations. In patients who need third-line therapy, survival results are even worse and nowadays there`s not a protocolized treatment. 

Aims
  Pixantrone offers an alternative for R/R DLBCL patients with efficacy and a favorable safety profile based on a phase 3 clinical trial, which permitted its approval by the European Medicines Evaluation Agency (EMEA). In this study, pixantrone was given as a single-agent salvage therapy in pretreated patients that did not respond to at least two previous chemotherapy regimens, either relapsed or refractory. Patients achieved good responses with low toxicity. Thirty percent of patients achieved objetive responses and 20% CR and not confirmed CRs. There have been some polychemotherapy combinations with Pixantrone previously described , which obtained better global and CR rates.  

Methods
We analyzed R/R aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphopma patients treated with PREBEN scheme in Spain. Treatment regimen was administered as described in d'Amore et al in 13-ICML, 2015: Pixantrone 50 mg/m2 iv day 1 and 8, Rituximab iv or sc day 1, Etoposide 100mg/m2 iv day 1 and Bendamustine 90 mg/m2 iv day 1, given in 3-week cycles, with a maximum number of 6 cycles. We included in the analysis only those patients that had received at least 2 complete cycles. 

Results

15 patients were included in the analysis, 12 DLBCL, 2 transformed follicular lymphoma and one follicular grade 3A. 10 were refractary to prior therapy.  Median age was 73 years (range, 45-87). Mean number of previous polychemotherapy lines was 3. Autologous SCT addicional had been performed in 6 of them.Early responses were observed: 10 out of 15 (67%) patients achieved objective responses after cycle 2. Eight patients achieved CR, 53%, and five of them were candidates to receive allogenic SCT.All of them were treated in the outpatient clinic. They did not need to stay hospitalized to receive this chemotherapy regimen. Toxicity was less than expected. All patients required complementary treatment with granulocyte stimulating factors but only five patients had febrile neutropenia. Five patients required red blood cells transfusion, all of them present anemia before starting PREBEN and two patient required platelet transfusions. No unexpected adverse effect or treatment-related deaths were observed.

Conclusion
In our series, R/R aggressive non-hodgkin lymphoma patients treated with PREBEN achieved 67% of global responses, which are higher than with other schemes in polytreated patients. Toxicity was limited and no unexpected adverse effects were observed.Altogether, these results provide evidence that PREBEN therapy is effective and safe and encourage us to use it in elderly and young patients as a bridge-to-transplantation.

Due to all this, we consider PREBEN safe and effective.

 

Session topic: 19. Aggressive Non-Hodgkin lymphoma - Clinical

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