NIVOLUMAB AND BRENTUXIMAB VEDOTIN-BASED, RESPONSE-ADAPTED TREATMENT IN PRIMARY REFRACTORY AND IN PEDIATRIC PATIENTS WITH RELAPSED/REFRACTORY CLASSICAL HODGKIN LYMPHOMA IN CHECKMATE 744
Author(s): ,
Thierry Leblanc
Affiliations:
Hôpital Robert-Debré APHP,Paris,France
,
Paul Harker-Murray
Affiliations:
Children's Hospital of Wisconsin,Milwaukee,United States
,
Christine Mauz-Körholz
Affiliations:
University Hospital Justus Liebig University, Giessen and Medical Faculty of the Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg,Halle,Germany
,
Maurizio Mascarin
Affiliations:
IRCCS Centro di Riferimento Oncologico,Aviano,Italy
,
Gerard Michel
Affiliations:
Hôpital de la Timone,Marseille,France
,
Stacy Cooper
Affiliations:
Johns Hopkins Hospital,Baltimore,United States
,
Auke Beishuizen
Affiliations:
Princess Máxima Center for Pediatric Oncology,Utrecht,Netherlands
,
Kasey J. Leger
Affiliations:
Seattle Children's Hospital,Seattle,United States
,
Alberto Garaventa
Affiliations:
IRCCS Istituto Giannina Gaslini,Genoa,Italy
,
Salvator Buffardi
Affiliations:
Santobono-Pausilipon Hospital,Naples,Italy
,
Laurence Brugières
Affiliations:
Institut Gustave Roussy,Villejuif,France
,
Kara M. Kelly
Affiliations:
Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center,Buffalo,United States
,
Peter D. Cole
Affiliations:
Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey,New Brunswick,United States
,
Richard A. Drachtman
Affiliations:
Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey,New Brunswick,United States
,
Thomas Manley
Affiliations:
Seattle Genetics,Bothell,United States
,
Stephen Francis
Affiliations:
Bristol‐Myers Squibb,Princeton,United States
,
Mariana Sacchi
Affiliations:
Bristol-Myers Squibb,Princeton,United States
Stephen Daw
Affiliations:
University College Hospital,London,United Kingdom
EHA Library. LeBlanc T. Jun 15, 2019; 267405; S822
Thierry LeBlanc
Thierry LeBlanc
Contributions
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Abstract

Abstract: S822

Type: Oral Presentation

Presentation during EHA24: On Saturday, June 15, 2019 from 12:30 - 12:45

Location: Hall 5

Background
Current first salvage therapies (tx) for younger patients (pts) with relapsed/refractory (R/R) classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL) are associated with variable cure rates and long-term toxicities. New strategies are required, especially in primary refractory and pediatric pts. In adult R/R cHL, first salvage with nivolumab + brentuximab vedotin (BV) resulted in 82% objective response rate (ORR) with 61% complete metabolic response (CMR; Herrera et al. Blood 2018). CheckMate 744 (NCT02927769) is an ongoing phase 2 study evaluating a risk-stratified, response-adapted approach using nivolumab, BV, and bendamustine in children, adolescents, and young adults with R/R cHL. In the standard-risk cohort, the regimen was well tolerated and resulted in high CMR rates prior to consolidation with high-dose chemotherapy and autologous transplantation (auto-HCT; Harker-Murray et al. ASH 2018).

Aims
To assess efficacy and safety of this risk-stratified, response-adapted approach in primary refractory pts, and in pediatric pts (aged <18 y) in CheckMate 744, with a focus on the nivolumab + BV induction phase.

Methods
Pts aged 5–30 y, after 1 prior tx without auto-HCT were eligible. Risk stratification to the standard-risk cohort (R2) was based on disease stage at diagnosis, time to relapse, B symptoms or extranodal disease at relapse, extensive disease with radiation tx (RT) contraindicated at relapse, or relapse in a prior RT field. In the R2 cohort, pts received 4 cycles of induction tx with nivolumab + BV. Tx could be administered in the outpatient setting at the investigator’s discretion. Tumors were assessed after every 2 cycles by investigators and blinded independent central review (BICR) per Lugano 2014 criteria. Pts who achieved CMR proceeded to consolidation with high-dose chemotherapy/auto-HCT. Pts with suboptimal response after induction received 2–4 cycles of BV + bendamustine intensification and proceeded to consolidation if they achieved CMR. Primary endpoint was CMR rate per BICR any time before consolidation. Efficacy and safety in primary refractory pts, and in pts aged <18 y were post hoc analyses.

Results
44 pts were treated in the R2 cohort. At baseline, median age was 16 y; 31 pts (70%) were aged <18 y and 24 pts (55%) had primary refractory disease. Median duration of follow-up was 43 wk overall and 47 wk in pts aged <18 y. Ten pts aged <18 y entered intensification; of these, only 2 received 4 intensification cycles. BICR-assessed CMR rates and ORR after induction and at any time prior to consolidation for primary refractory pts and pts aged <18 y are shown in the Table. Overall, 12/44 pts (27%) experienced a grade 3–4 tx-related adverse event (TRAE). Among pts aged <18 y, 10/31 (32%) experienced a grade 3–4 TRAE, most commonly neutropenia (2/31; 6%). There were no deaths or TRAEs leading to discontinuation. Tx-related immune-mediated AEs were all grade 1‒2, and were maculopapular rash, hypersensitivity, and infusion-related reaction (1 pt each).

Conclusion
Response-adapted tx with nivolumab + BV achieved high CMR rates in primary refractory pts with cHL after 4 cycles of induction. In pediatric pts with a standard risk of relapse, induction with nivolumab + BV, followed by BV + bendamustine intensification for suboptimal response, demonstrated high CMR rates and a favorable safety profile prior to consolidation.

Session topic: 17. Hodgkin lymphoma - Clinical

Keyword(s): Hodgkin's lymphoma, Pediatric, Phase II, Targeted therapy

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