MAINTENANCE OF RESPONSE IN LONG-TERM TREATMENT WITH ROPEGINTERFERON ALFA-2B (BESREMI®) VS. HYDROXYUREA IN POLYCYTHEMIA VERA PATIENTS (PROUD/CONTINUATION-PV PHASE III TRIALS)
Author(s): ,
Heinz Gisslinger
Affiliations:
Hematology and Hemostaseology,Medical University of Vienna,Vienna,Austria;Department of Hematology,Medical University Vienna,Vienna,Austria
,
Christoph Klade
Affiliations:
Chief scientific officer,AOP Orphan Pharmaceuticals,Vienna,Austria
,
Pencho Georgiev
Affiliations:
Clinic of Hematology,University Multiprofile Hospital,Plocdiv,Bulgaria
,
Dorota Krochmalczyk
Affiliations:
Teaching Unit of the Hematology Department,University Hospital Krakow,Krakow,Poland
,
Liana Gercheva-Kyuchukova
Affiliations:
Clinical Hematology Clinic,Multoprofile Hospital for Active Treatment,Varna,Bulgaria
,
Miklos Egyed
Affiliations:
Department of Internal Medicine II,Kaposi More Country Teaching Hospital,Kaposvar,Hungary
,
Viktor Rossiev
Affiliations:
Department of Internal Medicine,Samara Kalinin Regional Clinical Hospital,Samara,Russian Federation
,
Petr Dulicek
Affiliations:
Department of Clinical Hematology,University Hospital Kralove,Hradec Kralove,Czech Republic
,
Arpad illes
Affiliations:
Medical and Health Science Center,University of Deprecen,Deprecen,Hungary
,
Halyana Pylypenko
Affiliations:
Regional Treatment and Diagnostics Hematology Center,Cherkasy Regional Onkology Center,Cherkasy,Ukraine
,
Lylia Sivcheva
Affiliations:
First Dept. for Internal Medicine,Multiprofile Hospital for Active Treatment,Vratsa,Bulgaria
,
Jiri Mayer
Affiliations:
Clinic of Internal Medicine - Hematology and Oncology,Universit Hospital Brno,Brno,Czech Republic
,
Vera Yablokova
Affiliations:
Dept. of Hematology,Yaroslavyl Regional Clinical Hospital,Yaroslavl,Russian Federation
,
Kurt Krejcy
Affiliations:
AOP Orphan Pharmaceuticals,Vienna,Austria
,
Barbara Grohmann-Izay
Affiliations:
AOP Orphan Pharmaceuticals,Vienna,Austria
,
Gabriele Maurer
Affiliations:
AOP Orphan Pharmaceuticals,Vienna,Austria
,
Hans C. Hasselbalch
Affiliations:
Department of Hematology,University of Copenhagen,Copenhagen,Denmark
,
Robert Kralovics
Affiliations:
Dept. of Laboratory Medicine,Medical University of Vienna,Vienna,Austria
Jean-Jacques Kiladjian
Affiliations:
Centre d Investigations Cliniques,Hospital St. Louis and Universite Paris Diderot,Paris,France
EHA Library. Gisslinger H. Jun 15, 2019; 267074; PS1457
Prof. Dr. Heinz Gisslinger
Prof. Dr. Heinz Gisslinger
Contributions
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Abstract

Abstract: PS1457

Type: Poster Presentation

Presentation during EHA24: On Saturday, June 15, 2019 from 17:30 - 19:00

Location: Poster area

Background
Ropeginterferon alfa-2b (Besremi®; ropegIFN) is a novel mono-pegylated IFNα with an improved application schedule of only every 2-4 weeks. It is the first IFNα with an EU marketing authorization in any of the MPNs and is indicated as first-line monotherapy in high-risk PV patients without symptomatic splenomegaly. 

Aims

Here, we present the first randomized long-term head-to-head comparison between ropegIFN and Hydroxyurea (HU) regarding maintenance of response. As the time in hematologic response may be relevant for the risk for thrombosis, it was the aim of the present analysis to compare durations of hematologic response of ropegIFN with HU treated patients in this randomized study.

Methods

254 PV patients (WHO2008 criteria) received ropegIFNor HU in the PROUD-PV Study for 12 months. Thereafter, 89.6% (ropegIFN)and 68.5% (HU) treated patients continued treatment in the CONTINUATION-PV Study. Complete hematological response (CHR) was assessed according to ELN criteria, and maintenance was defined as no change of response status from first time when response was achieved. The tight schedule of assessment visits in these trials ranging from every two weeks in the first year to every 3 months in the third year, allowed for an estimation of cumulative days in response: “days in response” were defined as percentage per overall days on study. Additional efficacy measures, molecular response/disease modification and safety/tolerability have been presented previously (Gisslinger et al., ASH 2018). 

Results

During 3 years of treatment, CHR was achieved and maintained continuously in 38.9% of patients in the ropegIFN but only 14.5% in the control treatment arm (p<0.05). In line with this finding, duration of CHR was significantly longer in the ropegIFN treatment arm, and the risk to lose response was significantly higher in the control treatment arm (p<0.0001).The first quartile of response duration in the ropegIFN alfa-2b and control treatment arm was 15.3 months and 6 months, respectively.During the 3rdyear, when both treatment arms had achieved stable response levels, maintenance rates of CHR were 70.5% and 46.1%, respectively for ropegIFN treated vs. patients in the control arm (RR: 1.55 [95% CI: 1.19 to 2.02]; p<0.01).  

In the ropegIFN arm, days in response increased every year from 27.4% in the 1st, to 59.2% in the 2ndand to 75.1% in the 3rdyear. In contrast, patients in the control arm showed quicker onset of response resulting in 44.2% of the days in response during the 1st year, followed by a stabilization at 51.3% during the 2ndand by a slight decrease to  50.2% of the days in response during the 3rdyear of treatment. 

Conclusion

The long-term results focusing on maintenance of CHR in PV patients, showed a clear benefit of ropegIFN (Besremi®) over control (i.e. HU) in (1) achieving significant higher maintenance rates of CHR over the course of treatment, (2) showing a significant lower risk of losing CHR, and (3) presenting significant higher numbers of days in response during each subsequent treatment year vs. a decrease in the control arm. As CHR can be considered as surrogate for risk of thrombosis, these data suggest that RopegIFN is not only the best candidate for disease modification but may in the long run also be an optimal treatment modality for managing risk of thrombosis.

Session topic: 16. Myeloproliferative neoplasms - Clinical

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